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The Guide to Taxation of Crypto Airdrops, Mining, and Staking Income: Everything You Need to Know

By June 20, 20234 minute read
Note: This blog is written by an external blogger. The views and opinions expressed within this post belong solely to the author.

As the popularity of cryptocurrencies continues to rise, so does the need for clarity on their taxation. Whether you have received crypto airdrops, run a mining farm, or participated in staking, understanding the tax implications is essential. By understanding how these transactions are treated under Indian tax laws, you will be better equipped to fulfill your tax obligations accurately and efficiently.



An airdrop distributes cryptocurrency tokens or coins directly to designated wallet addresses, typically without a charge. Airdrops are employed to raise awareness about a particular token and enhance liquidity during the initial phases of a new digital currency.

Taxation implications

Participating in an airdrop can have tax implications you must be aware of. When you receive an airdrop, it is considered a gift, and you will be liable for taxes based on the fair market value (FMV) of the tokens at the time of receipt. In India, the income received can be calculated by determining the FMV of the tokens in Indian Rupees (INR) on the day you received them.

Airdrops received without consideration are categorized as income from other sources, and the fair market value on the date of receipt determines their value. It’s worth noting that any expenses you incurred to receive the airdrop can be deducted from your taxable income.

When you sell the airdropped cryptocurrency at a later stage, the income generated from the sale will be subject to a 30% tax rate. To calculate the taxable income, subtract the cost price of the airdropped tokens (the fair market value at the time of receipt) from the sale price received.



Mining involves verifying and recording transactions on a blockchain network using high-performance computers or specialized mining hardware. Within the blockchain network, a group of nodes or computers known as miners compete to solve intricate mathematical problems to validate transactions. The miner who successfully solves the puzzle first is granted a specific amount of cryptocurrency as a reward, the exact value of which depends on the particular blockchain network.

Taxation implications

Income generated from mining can be classified as follows:

  1. If mining serves as the primary business activity of the entity, the income will be subject to taxation under the ‘Business Income’ category. In such cases, individuals operating a mining farm are eligible to deduct expenses related to running the farm.
  2. The rewards of mining will be considered as business assets of the miner. Furthermore, if the miner holds such rewards as investments, then such will be considered capital assets. 
  3. Upon the sale of these cryptocurrencies at a subsequent stage, the income arising therefrom to the miner will be taxed at the rate of 30%. In computing the income arising therefrom, the formula shall be sale price received less cost price. The cost price shall be the cryptocurrency’s fair market value determined at the time of receipt.



Staking refers to the process of holding and validating cryptocurrency tokens in a wallet to support the operations of a blockchain network. By staking their tokens, individuals contribute to the network’s security and consensus mechanism, and in return, they earn rewards in the form of additional tokens or transaction fees. This is a process where users contribute their tokens instead of computational power to secure the network and participate in block validation.

Taxation implications

The income generated from staking is considered normal and is subject to taxation at the regular slab rates. The taxable amount will be based on the FMV of the received tokens in Indian Rupees (INR) on the day of receipt or accrual, as the case may be. Furthermore, when you decide to sell, swap or spend your staking rewards at a later stage, you will be responsible for paying a 30% tax on any profits made.

TDS Implications

It is pertinent to note that 1% TDS will apply to transactions, including Airdrop, Mining, and staking conducted on or after July 1, 2022. However, it is to be noted under a circumstance where the seller has not filed his Income Tax Return, in such case, the TDS to be deducted will be at a higher rate of 5%.


The taxation implication on income from Airdrop, Mining, and Staking can get complex and seem daunting for the taxpayer. By following the guidelines and reporting their crypto income accurately, taxpayers can ensure compliance with tax laws and fulfill their ITR filing requirements. With TaxNodes’ dedicated taxation solutions, crypto users can confidently navigate the complexities of crypto taxation, minimize their tax liability, and streamline their tax filing process. Stay informed, stay compliant, and maximize the benefits of your crypto endeavors with TaxNodes’ expertise.

Disclaimer: Cryptocurrency is not a legal tender and is currently unregulated. Kindly ensure that you undertake sufficient risk assessment when trading cryptocurrencies as they are often subject to high price volatility. The information provided in this section doesn't represent any investment advice or WazirX's official position. WazirX reserves the right in its sole discretion to amend or change this blog post at any time and for any reasons without prior notice.
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