What is Cryptocurrency Index Funds 2021? What does it mean in the Cryptocurrency Domain?

By February 19, 2021March 29th, 20224 minute read
What is Cryptocurrency Index Funds 2021_WazirX

The cryptocurrency industry is already on a steady rise. The beauty is that despite the lack of regulations (which we all hope will come in very soon), overwhelming concepts, and concerns from some traditional investors, cryptocurrency has emerged as a popular asset class. With brands like Tesla endorsing Bitcoin, crypto assets are getting mainstream acceptance. However, some pundits feel that the absence of traditional products holds up the sector. Cryptocurrency index funds emerge as a popular solution in the crypto world. Read the full article to know more.

What is a cryptocurrency index fund?

There is hardly any difference between cryptocurrency index funds and regular index ones. By defining the latter, the former shall become implicit. 

So, what is an index fund? An index fund is a passively managed fund that imitates a market index. When we say we passively managed funds, they don’t need managers to make decisions; rather, they follow the market index. 

A market index is a basket of assets available in the financial market, designed as a benchmark to evaluate a sector’s performance, often reflecting financial trends. For example, NIFTY 50 is a benchmark index representing the top 50 largest Indian companies’ performance. By extension, a NIFTY 50 index fund mimics the NIFTY 50 index and thus will be similar. 

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Cryptocurrency index funds, on the other hand, track cryptocurrency indexes. Cryptocurrency indexes are designed as a benchmark of the performance of the entire sector.

Weighing Methodologies for cryptocurrency index funds

The majority of the indexes shall fall under one of the two categories based on their construction.

  1. The price-weighted index gives equal weightage to all the assets present. Simply put, adding the price of all assets and dividing it by the total number of assets will give you the performance. 
  2. The capitalization-weighted index gives relative weightage to assets based on their market capitalization. So, assets with a large market cap will greatly affect the market even if their individual price is low. 

Famous cryptocurrency index funds and indexes


  • Bloomberg Galaxy Crypto Index is a benchmark index that measures the performance of the largest cryptocurrencies traded in US dollars. It is weighted based on the market cap of the constituents. Bitcoins and Ethereum are the top constituents weighing 30 percent each.
  • TaiFu Index is a market-cap-weighted index that tracks the 30 largest cryptocurrencies of a day.
  • Lykke Cryptocurrency Index(LyCI)  consolidates the top 25 cryptocurrencies, weighted by respective market cap. However, this is for information purposes only. LyCI 2.0 is likely to arrive soon so that investors can directly buy the LyCI over individual assets.


  • Bitwise Investment Funds: One of the well-known crypto index funds. The managing company, Bitwise Asset Management, is also the creator of the world’s largest crypto fund worth $800 million. These funds invest in their indexes like Bitwise 10 Large Cap & Bitwise 100 total market. Very recently, the company has also launched DeFi (Decentralised Finance) Crypto Index Fund.
  • Crypto20: It is the first tokenized crypto-only fund that uses seed funding to buy the underlying assets. It represents the relevant top 20 largest cryptocurrencies. The list itself is periodically reviewed. This index fund is preferred for its autonomous and transparent nature. 
  • Grayscale Digital Large Cap Fund: These funds comprise digital assets that collectively make up about 70 percent of the market. As of now, the components are Bitcoin (80%), Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash, and Litecoin. These funds are very secure as they are stored in cold storage with a trusted custodian, Coinbase.

Index Funds: A big leap in the Crypto Industry

Here’s how index funds can impact the crypto industry.

Offer diversification

Crypto asset price prediction is challenging. Period. Cryptocurrency index funds give users exposure to diversification. Analyzing the performance of individual crypto assets and then allocating capital involves a lot of work. Rather one can buy a variety of assets in a single purchase. 

It allows them to build diversified portfolios of crypto assets and thereby increase their capital. With automated tracking, they can be assured that their assets are safe and follow the indexes, making it somewhat beginner-friendly.  

Attract new investors

Attract new investors

Many people are keen to buy cryptocurrency in India and other emerging economies. Yet, they are doubtful about the technology and safeness of the venture. 

Crypto index funds will be a plausible reason for new investors who are skeptical. Yes, the industry is still going to be volatile and susceptible, and highly risky. But investors need not analyze and confuse as to which assets to invest in. Rather than worrying about buying Bitcoin or Ethereum in India, users will be exposed to a wide variety of crypto assets in a single fund. This will make it easier for investors.

Increase popularity

Many financial institutions have foreseen the potential of cryptocurrency. They have taken progressive steps to venture into this new space. For instance, S&P Dow Jones is launching its own crypto indexes. The blockchain-based digital currency can gain further popularity as a transparent option against manipulative & inflationary assets. 
Crypto index funds are indeed selling crypto assets as tractableasset classes. With Parliaments and financial organizations already speaking about standards and benchmarking, you can expect cryptocurrencies to become more accessible investor-friendly.

Is Crypto Legal In India?

Cryptocurrencies are legal in India, and anyone can purchase, sell, and exchange them. It is currently uncontrolled, as India lacks a regulatory structure to oversee its operations. Per the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, companies must now record their crypto trading/investments within the financial year. In cases where a person receiving the gains is an Indian tax resident, or the cryptocurrency is regarded as domiciled in India, cryptocurrency transactions have been taxable in India

How Cryptocurrency Works?

Cryptocurrencies use cryptography technology to keep transactions and their units (tokens) secure. Cryptocurrency works via a technology called the blockchain. A blockchain is a decentralized technology that handles and records transactions across numerous computers. The security of this technology is part of its value.

Is Cryptocurrency Safe To Invest In?

Cryptocurrency investments are subject to market risks, but if sufficient security measures are not taken, trading accounts can be maliciously accessed. Investments come with risks and uncertainties, and we cannot claim that any digital currency investment is risk-free. Buying and selling cryptocurrencies can be risky even if the trader is knowledgeable about the market and treats their coins carefully.

How To Invest In Cryptocurrency Stocks?

Cryptocurrency can be purchased in two ways: through mining or exchanges. The process of confirming and adding transactions to the blockchain public ledger is known as cryptocurrency mining. Cryptocurrency exchanges are another option. Exchanges make money by charging transaction fees, but there are alternative platforms where you may communicate directly with other cryptocurrency traders.

Who Invented Cryptocurrency?

Satoshi Nakamoto invented cryptocurrencies and the technology that makes them function in 2009. The presumed pseudonymous individual or persons who invented Bitcoin used this identity. In addition, Nakamoto created the first blockchain database. Even though many people have claimed to be Satoshi Nakamoto, the person's identity remains unknown.

How Safe Are Cryptocurrencies?

Cryptocurrencies can be safe, but your crypto wallets can be hacked if proper security steps are not performed.There are also dangers and uncertainties associated with investments, and we cannot declare any virtual currency investment risk-free. Buying and selling cryptocurrencies does not have to be dangerous if the trader is well-versed in the market and treats his coins with care.

What Is The Meaning Of Crypto?

A cryptocurrency is a digital currency that is secured by the process of cryptography, making counterfeiting and double-spending almost impossible to happen. Blockchain technology is used to produce cryptocurrencies ( a distributed ledger enforced by a distributed network of computers). Cryptocurrencies are distinct in that a centralized authority does not issue them.

What Is Virtual Currency?

Virtual currency is a type of uncontrolled digital currency that can only be used online. It is exclusively stored and transacted using designated software, mobile or computer applications, or unique digital wallets, and all transactions are conducted through secure, dedicated networks. Because digital currency is just currency issued by a bank in digital form, virtual currency is not the same as a digital currency. Virtual currency, unlike ordinary money, is based on a trust structure and cannot be issued by a central bank or other banking regulatory organization.

What Are The Best Cryptocurrencies To Invest In?

The best cryptocurrencies to invest in would be the ones you study and analyze in detail. Some of the most popular cryptocurrencies include Bitcoin, Ethereum, and many altcoins such as Tron, Ripple, Litecoin, etc.

Is Bitcoin And Cryptocurrency The Same Thing?

Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency that was designed to facilitate cross-border transactions, eliminate government control over transactions, and streamline the entire process without third-party intermediaries. The absence of intermediaries has resulted in a significant reduction in transaction costs. Satoshi Nakamoto, the creator of Bitcoin, created the first cryptocurrency in 2008. It began as open-source software for money transfers. Since then, plenty of cryptocurrencies have emerged, with some focusing on specific fields.

Disclaimer: Cryptocurrency is not a legal tender and is currently unregulated. Kindly ensure that you undertake sufficient risk assessment when trading cryptocurrencies as they are often subject to high price volatility. The information provided in this section doesn't represent any investment advice or WazirX's official position. WazirX reserves the right in its sole discretion to amend or change this blog post at any time and for any reasons without prior notice.
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