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What is Cryptocurrency Index Funds 2021? What does it mean in the Cryptocurrency Domain?

By February 19, 2021March 29th, 20224 minute read

The cryptocurrency industry is already on a steady rise. The beauty is that despite the lack of regulations (which we all hope will come in very soon), overwhelming concepts, and concerns from some traditional investors, cryptocurrency has emerged as a popular asset class. With brands like Tesla endorsing Bitcoin, crypto assets are getting mainstream acceptance. However, some pundits feel that the absence of traditional products holds up the sector. Cryptocurrency index funds emerge as a popular solution in the crypto world. Read the full article to know more.

What is a cryptocurrency index fund?

There is hardly any difference between cryptocurrency index funds and regular index ones. By defining the latter, the former shall become implicit. 

So, what is an index fund? An index fund is a passively managed fund that imitates a market index. When we say we passively managed funds, they don’t need managers to make decisions; rather, they follow the market index. 

A market index is a basket of assets available in the financial market, designed as a benchmark to evaluate a sector’s performance, often reflecting financial trends. For example, NIFTY 50 is a benchmark index representing the top 50 largest Indian companies’ performance. By extension, a NIFTY 50 index fund mimics the NIFTY 50 index and thus will be similar. 

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Cryptocurrency index funds, on the other hand, track cryptocurrency indexes. Cryptocurrency indexes are designed as a benchmark of the performance of the entire sector.

Weighing Methodologies for cryptocurrency index funds

The majority of the indexes shall fall under one of the two categories based on their construction.

  1. The price-weighted index gives equal weightage to all the assets present. Simply put, adding the price of all assets and dividing it by the total number of assets will give you the performance. 
  2. The capitalization-weighted index gives relative weightage to assets based on their market capitalization. So, assets with a large market cap will greatly affect the market even if their individual price is low. 

Famous cryptocurrency index funds and indexes

Indexes

  • Bloomberg Galaxy Crypto Index is a benchmark index that measures the performance of the largest cryptocurrencies traded in US dollars. It is weighted based on the market cap of the constituents. Bitcoins and Ethereum are the top constituents weighing 30 percent each.
  • TaiFu Index is a market-cap-weighted index that tracks the 30 largest cryptocurrencies of a day.
  • Lykke Cryptocurrency Index(LyCI)  consolidates the top 25 cryptocurrencies, weighted by respective market cap. However, this is for information purposes only. LyCI 2.0 is likely to arrive soon so that investors can directly buy the LyCI over individual assets.

Funds

  • Bitwise Investment Funds: One of the well-known crypto index funds. The managing company, Bitwise Asset Management, is also the creator of the world’s largest crypto fund worth $800 million. These funds invest in their indexes like Bitwise 10 Large Cap & Bitwise 100 total market. Very recently, the company has also launched DeFi (Decentralised Finance) Crypto Index Fund.
  • Crypto20: It is the first tokenized crypto-only fund that uses seed funding to buy the underlying assets. It represents the relevant top 20 largest cryptocurrencies. The list itself is periodically reviewed. This index fund is preferred for its autonomous and transparent nature. 
  • Grayscale Digital Large Cap Fund: These funds comprise digital assets that collectively make up about 70 percent of the market. As of now, the components are Bitcoin (80%), Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash, and Litecoin. These funds are very secure as they are stored in cold storage with a trusted custodian, Coinbase.

Index Funds: A big leap in the Crypto Industry

Here’s how index funds can impact the crypto industry.

Offer diversification

Crypto asset price prediction is challenging. Period. Cryptocurrency index funds give users exposure to diversification. Analyzing the performance of individual crypto assets and then allocating capital involves a lot of work. Rather one can buy a variety of assets in a single purchase. 

It allows them to build diversified portfolios of crypto assets and thereby increase their capital. With automated tracking, they can be assured that their assets are safe and follow the indexes, making it somewhat beginner-friendly.  

Attract new investors

Attract new investors

Many people are keen to buy cryptocurrency in India and other emerging economies. Yet, they are doubtful about the technology and safeness of the venture. 

Crypto index funds will be a plausible reason for new investors who are skeptical. Yes, the industry is still going to be volatile and susceptible, and highly risky. But investors need not analyze and confuse as to which assets to invest in. Rather than worrying about buying Bitcoin or Ethereum in India, users will be exposed to a wide variety of crypto assets in a single fund. This will make it easier for investors.

Increase popularity

Many financial institutions have foreseen the potential of cryptocurrency. They have taken progressive steps to venture into this new space. For instance, S&P Dow Jones is launching its own crypto indexes. The blockchain-based digital currency can gain further popularity as a transparent option against manipulative & inflationary assets. 
Crypto index funds are indeed selling crypto assets as tractableasset classes. With Parliaments and financial organizations already speaking about standards and benchmarking, you can expect cryptocurrencies to become more accessible investor-friendly.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Cryptocurrency Banned In India?

No, cryptocurrency is not banned in India. India has seen its ups and downs in the crypto sector concerning its legal status. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued a circular in April 2018 advising all organizations under its jurisdiction not to trade in virtual currencies or provide services to assist anyone in dealing with or settling them. A government committee proposed outlawing all private cryptocurrencies in mid-2019, with up to ten years in prison and severe penalties for anyone dealing in digital currency. The Supreme Court overruled the RBI's circular in March 2020, allowing banks to undertake cryptocurrency transactions from dealers and exchanges.

Who Invented Cryptocurrency?

Satoshi Nakamoto invented cryptocurrencies and the technology that makes them function in 2009. The presumed pseudonymous individual or persons who invented Bitcoin used this identity. In addition, Nakamoto created the first blockchain database. Even though many people have claimed to be Satoshi Nakamoto, the person's identity remains unknown.

How To Invest In Cryptocurrency?

There are two ways of investing in cryptocurrency, mining and via exchanges. Cryptocurrency mining is considered the procedure of verifying and adding transactions to the blockchain public ledger. Another option is via cryptocurrency exchanges. Exchanges generate money by collecting transaction fees, but there are alternative websites where you can interact directly with other users who want to trade cryptocurrencies.

How Many Cryptocurrencies Are There?

There are over 5000 other digital currencies available on the internet in addition to Bitcoins. The only problem is that they haven't gotten the users' attention. Besides Bitcoins, a few other digital currencies have gained popularity among users. It's been more than ten years since Bitcoins were first released, and now they've achieved new heights thanks to their phenomenal success.

What Is Crypto?

Crypto or a cryptocurrency is a digital currency protected by cryptography, making counterfeiting and double-spending nearly impossible. Blockchain technology is used to produce cryptocurrencies (a distributed ledger enforced by a distributed network of computers). Cryptocurrencies are distinct in that a government does not issue them. The word "cryptocurrency" refers to the encryption methods employed to keep digital currencies and the network secure.

Which Cryptocurrency Is Best To Invest In 2021?

Many altcoins are flourishing to invest in. Some cryptocurrencies with great potential are Ether, Ripple, Tron, and more. Investors are trying to diversify their portfolios and are flocking to the leading cryptocurrencies. Many growing businesses are already accepting cryptocurrency as acceptable payment methods.

Can I Invest In Cryptocurrency?

Yes, with exchanges like WazirX, you may invest in cryptocurrency in India. To begin, go to the WazirX website and register. After that, you will receive a verification email. The link received by verification mail will only be available for a few seconds, so make sure you click it as quickly as possible. This will successfully verify your email address. The following step is to set up security, so choose the best solution for you. After you've set up the security, you'll be given the option of continuing with or without completing the KYC process.

Is Ethereum Safe To Invest?

The Bitcoin market is unquestionably more volatile than the stock market. This may not be the market for you if you are incredibly risk-averse. Ethereum, on the other hand, may be a terrific investment for you if you're a diamond-handed investor who won't lose sight of short-term losses. Ethereum is a relatively safe investment as it is also based on blockchain.

Is Mining Cryptocurrency Legal?

Cryptocurrency mining can be time-consuming, expensive, and sporadically profitable. Mining has an appeal for many cryptocurrency enthusiasts as miners are paid directly with crypto tokens for their efforts. The legality of cryptocurrency mining is dependent on where you live. In India, there is no restriction on crypto mining.

How Cryptocurrency Works?

Cryptocurrencies use cryptography technology to keep transactions and their units (tokens) secure. Cryptocurrency works via a technology called the blockchain. A blockchain is a decentralized technology that handles and records transactions across numerous computers. The security of this technology is part of its value.

Disclaimer: Cryptocurrency is not a legal tender and is currently unregulated. Kindly ensure that you undertake sufficient risk assessment when trading cryptocurrencies as they are often subject to high price volatility. The information provided in this section doesn't represent any investment advice or WazirX's official position. WazirX reserves the right in its sole discretion to amend or change this blog post at any time and for any reasons without prior notice.
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