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Cryptocurrencies introduced the world to a decentralized financial system model through blockchain technology. While cryptocurrencies serve the purpose of both a fungible currency and a tradable asset, it is the blockchain that has made it possible for it to be accessible to all. This multi-functionality of blockchain prompted the existing financial industry to adapt around the technology creating a world of financial services centric to it.
Now, this world of financial services of cryptocurrencies and blockchain can be broadly demarcated into two categories. These are Decentralized Finance (DeFi) and Centralized Finance (CeFi). While both these categories serve to achieve the same objective, they tend to differ in the path to achieve it. Let’s start with their definitions.
What is DeFi?
Decentralized Finance, abbreviated DeFi, refers to the application of a decentralized network to avail financial services like trading, loans, derivatives and likewise services. DeFi does not involve any intermediary in the form of a person or an organization. Instead, the system works on smart contracts and similar protocols that allow the exchange of services between two parties without the involvement of a middle man.
Quick note:- Smart contract is a self-executing programmable code in a blockchain network that executes itself when its underlying pre-agreed instructions get satisfied.
Interestingly, the working of DeFi is in-line with the inherent trait of cryptocurrencies and blockchain, which is the feature of being decentralized. DeFi eliminates the need for banks and financial institutions and simply requires an individual to access the blockchain network and do whatever they like using their funds.
What is CeFi?
Centralized Finance, abbreviated CeFi, is akin to the existing financial industry where an organization or middle man facilitates a financial service such as trade, loan, swap and others, often being the central decision in the process.
The organization provides interface, support and addresses customer grievances. In the crypto world, cryptocurrency exchanges are an example of a CeFi entity where the customer registers on the exchange to avail of its services. So just like real-world financial service entities, a user authorizes a centralized body to use their funds to get the desired services.
Understanding DeFi vs CeFi
One way of understanding the nuances associated with this debate is by first discussing the pros of both DeFi and CeFi, followed by discussing their cons. However, this robs one from evaluating both financial categories simultaneously on a particular parameter. During the following discussion, we broadly analyze the trends and services rendered in both the DeFi and CeFi sectors. Some financial institutions belonging to either sector might differ from the features listed. However, for the scope of discussion, popular trends in both sectors are discussed.
So here is an evaluation of both the services on metrics that matter:
#1 Access to funds
CeFi works on the principle that a user needs to transfer their funds to a CeFi institution. The user can then direct the use of the funds, but it’s the institution that handles the funds. This goes for the cryptocurrencies bought and traded as well. The institution stores the crypto in its wallet, and the user does not have a key to it.
DeFi instead empowers a user to use their funds the way they like. A user simply needs to access the DeFi network, which then gives a serial number to the user for identification. Once on the network, the user can use the funds for anything supported on the network.
CeFi requires a user to register on the exchange by sharing their personal information after going through a KYC process. Thus the institutions can refuse to render their service to a customer. While DeFi simply registers a user irrespective of their identity and from wherever they come (subject to basic conditions).
#3 User Interface
Since major financial institutions and organizations comprise the CeFi sector, they offer easy to navigate and user-friendly interface for the optimum support of the customer. Most DeFi networks lack this trait and hence might appear a bit complex to use at first.
#4 Customer service
CeFi is a competitive space with each exchange and institution trying to lure the customer. Thus customer care service offered by this sector is impeccable, with special departments assigned to tend to customer needs. Again, DeFi networks are independent networks and usually don’t come with customer support services.
DeFi works on the principle of decentralization. Hence the network information right from past transactions, existing members and other crucial information are publicly available on the ledger. CeFi institutions, on the other hand, work behind the curtains simply facilitating the trades.
#6 Fiat conversion
Fiat conversion is a key feature of CeFi entities. One can convert their money to and from cryptos through the institution. DeFi networks don’t offer this type of facility to their members.
#7 Scope of innovation
There is not much to innovate when it comes to CeFi services. However, since blockchain is still at an early stage with ground-breaking advancements taking place routinely, DeFi networks are upgrading themselves at an exciting rate. This leaves more automated benefits for the users.
#8 Cross-chain services
CeFi facilitates cross-chain services where one can trade a cryptocurrency or token for another cryptocurrency or token on the same platform. For example, Bitcoin for Litecoin or vice versa.
However, most DeFi networks can’t support such a type of trade. Only a few use protocols like ‘atomic cross-chain swaps’ that can exchange one crypto asset for another. But this swap requires coding that can be complicated at times.
#9 Potential threats
A key threat associated with CeFi is the nightmarish hacking of exchanges or other institutions. While exchanges and likewise providers often enlist state-of-the-art security measures to protect themselves, exchange heists still make the news every couple of months.
On the other hand, the biggest nemesis of a DeFi system is the network itself. Any flaw in the line of code or a bug can compromise the assets of the users.
So which one is the better?
Unfortunately, there is not a simple answer to this. Here, the trader needs to introspect his needs to ascertain which features do they value more. If losing control over your funds is a major concern then DeFi comes at the top of the debate. However, transferring funds to intermediate entities is an activity that millions partake in daily while equity trading. So, this should not be much of a concern.
Likewise, if fiat conversion or cross-chain transactions are a crucial part of your cryptocurrency usage, then CeFi presents itself as the most reliable option in the market. Again, as discussed above, atomic cross-chain swaps can facilitate these services in the DeFi ecosystem. You can find the right DeFi network to avail of cross-chain services seamlessly.
Maybe, in the long run, a hybrid blockchain financial system might emerge that will combine the pros of both these financial service categories. However, for now, that is far from reality. So don’t let this confusion of choosing one service over another stop you from trading. Try both of them and then ascertain which is more in line with your needs and demands.
Here’s a guide to get you started on WazirX.
Is Mining Cryptocurrency Legal?
Cryptocurrency mining can be time-consuming, expensive, and sporadically profitable. Mining has an appeal for many cryptocurrency enthusiasts as miners are paid directly with crypto tokens for their efforts. The legality of cryptocurrency mining is dependent on where you live. In India, there is no restriction on crypto mining.
Is Bitcoin And Cryptocurrency The Same Thing?
Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency that was designed to facilitate cross-border transactions, eliminate government control over transactions, and streamline the entire process without third-party intermediaries. The absence of intermediaries has resulted in a significant reduction in transaction costs. Satoshi Nakamoto, the creator of Bitcoin, created the first cryptocurrency in 2008. It began as open-source software for money transfers. Since then, plenty of cryptocurrencies have emerged, with some focusing on specific fields.
Are Cryptocurrencies A Good Investment?
Cryptocurrency has the potential to make you extremely wealthy, and the potential to cause you to lose your money. Crypto assets, like any other investment, come with many risks and potential rewards. Fundamentally, cryptocurrency is an excellent investment, particularly if you want to gain direct exposure to the demand for digital currency.
Who Invented Cryptocurrency?
Satoshi Nakamoto invented cryptocurrencies and the technology that makes them function in 2009. The presumed pseudonymous individual or persons who invented Bitcoin used this identity. In addition, Nakamoto created the first blockchain database. Even though many people have claimed to be Satoshi Nakamoto, the person's identity remains unknown.
Is Cryptocurrency Banned In India?
No, cryptocurrency is not banned in India. India has seen its ups and downs in the crypto sector concerning its legal status. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued a circular in April 2018 advising all organizations under its jurisdiction not to trade in virtual currencies or provide services to assist anyone in dealing with or settling them. A government committee proposed outlawing all private cryptocurrencies in mid-2019, with up to ten years in prison and severe penalties for anyone dealing in digital currency. The Supreme Court overruled the RBI's circular in March 2020, allowing banks to undertake cryptocurrency transactions from dealers and exchanges.
Can I Invest In Cryptocurrency?
Yes, with exchanges like WazirX, you may invest in cryptocurrency in India. To begin, go to the WazirX website and register. After that, you will receive a verification email. The link received by verification mail will only be available for a few seconds, so make sure you click it as quickly as possible. This will successfully verify your email address. The following step is to set up security, so choose the best solution for you. After you've set up the security, you'll be given the option of continuing with or without completing the KYC process.
How Cryptocurrency Works?
Cryptocurrencies use cryptography technology to keep transactions and their units (tokens) secure. Cryptocurrency works via a technology called the blockchain. A blockchain is a decentralized technology that handles and records transactions across numerous computers. The security of this technology is part of its value.
How To Invest In Cryptocurrency?
There are two ways of investing in cryptocurrency, mining and via exchanges. Cryptocurrency mining is considered the procedure of verifying and adding transactions to the blockchain public ledger. Another option is via cryptocurrency exchanges. Exchanges generate money by collecting transaction fees, but there are alternative websites where you can interact directly with other users who want to trade cryptocurrencies.
Is Pi Cryptocurrency Safe?
Pi Network (PI) is the newest digital token to catch the cryptocurrency community's interest, even before it has wholly debuted. Some users see it as a chance to get engaged in a cryptocurrency from the beginning and profit in the future, similar to how early Bitcoin adopters made huge profits by mining and keeping the coin. Other users have compared Pi to a worthless multi-level marketing (MLM) scheme.
Is Cryptocurrency Safe To Invest In?
Cryptocurrency investments are subject to market risks, but if sufficient security measures are not taken, trading accounts can be maliciously accessed. Investments come with risks and uncertainties, and we cannot claim that any digital currency investment is risk-free. Buying and selling cryptocurrencies can be risky even if the trader is knowledgeable about the market and treats their coins carefully.