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Key Differences Between Bitcoin & Worldcoin

By September 25, 2023November 30th, 20234 minute read

Cryptos have taken the financial world by storm in recent years, with Bitcoin leading the charge. Bitcoin, the pioneering crypto, has been around since 2009 and has paved the way for many other digital currencies to emerge. One of the latest entrants into the crypto space is Worldcoin, a project with innovative features that differentiate it from Bitcoin.

In this blog post, we’ll explore the key features of Bitcoin and Worldcoin and their differences.

Bitcoin: A Brief Overview

Bitcoin, often called “digital gold,” is the first and most well-known crypto. It was created by an anonymous person or group using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto and was released as an open-source software in 2009. Bitcoin works on a decentralized network of computers, known as nodes, and relies on blockchain technology to record and verify transactions.

Key Features of Bitcoin:

  • Decentralization: Bitcoin operates on a decentralized network of nodes, which means any central authority, government, or organization does not control it. This decentralization enhances security and prevents censorship.
  • Blockchain technology: Bitcoin’s transactions are recorded on a public ledger called the blockchain. This immutable ledger ensures transparency and trust in the system.
  • Limited supply: Bitcoin has a fixed supply cap of 21 million coins. This scarcity is designed to mimic the scarcity of precious metals like gold and is often cited as a reason for its store of value properties.
  • Proof-of-Work (PoW) consensus: Bitcoin relies on a PoW consensus mechanism, where miners compete to solve complicated mathematical puzzles to validate transactions & add them to the blockchain. This ensures the security of the network.
  • Pseudonymity: Bitcoin transactions are pseudonymous, meaning they do not directly reveal the identity of users. Instead, they use cryptographic addresses. However, it’s possible to trace transactions if users are not careful about maintaining their privacy.
  • Worldwide acceptance: Bitcoin is widely accepted as a means of exchange and store of value. It has a large and active user base, and many businesses and merchants now accept Bitcoin as payment.
  • Security: Bitcoin’s network has proven highly secure over its years of existence, with no successful attacks on the underlying blockchain.

Worldcoin: An Introduction

Worldcoin is a relatively new crypto project launched by Sam Altman, the CEO of OpenAI, in 2023. Unlike Bitcoin, which relies on mining and energy-intensive Proof-of-Work (PoW) consensus, Worldcoin has introduced a novel approach to distribution and verification.

Key Features of Worldcoin:

  • Universal Basic Income (UBI) distribution: Worldcoin employs a unique UBI model for distribution. Eligible users receive a regular allocation of Worldcoin tokens without the need for mining or complex validation processes.
  • Biometric scanning: To prevent fraud and ensure that the UBI reaches the intended recipients, Worldcoin users are required to undergo regular biometric scans, such as eye scans, to verify their identity.
  • Environmental considerations: Unlike Bitcoin’s energy-intensive PoW mechanism, Worldcoin’s UBI distribution model aims to reduce its environmental impact by eliminating mining operations, making it potentially more eco-friendly.
  • Privacy and identity verification: While Bitcoin transactions are pseudonymous and do not require identity verification, Worldcoin’s identity verification process through biometric scanning may raise questions about privacy and data security.
  • Early stage: Worldcoin is a relatively new project, and its success and adoption are yet to be determined. It aims to address wealth inequality and provide financial access to a broader population through its UBI model.
  • Innovation and experimentation: Worldcoin’s approach represents an innovative experiment in crypto distribution and social impact, which sets it apart from traditional cryptos like Bitcoin.

Key Differences Between Bitcoin and Worldcoin

Distribution Method:

  • Bitcoin: Bitcoin distribution occurs through a process called mining, where miners solve complex mathematical puzzles to validate transactions and add them to the blockchain. After that, miners are rewarded with new Bitcoins for their efforts.
  • Worldcoin: Worldcoin takes a different approach to distribution. Instead of mining, Worldcoin is distributed through a Universal Basic Income (UBI) model. Every eligible user, identified through biometric scans, receives a fixed amount of Worldcoin regularly. This approach aims to achieve wider distribution and reduce the environmental impact associated with mining.

Environmental Impact:

  • Bitcoin: Bitcoin mining consumes significant amounts of electricity and has faced criticism for its environmental impact due to the energy-intensive PoW consensus mechanism.
  • Worldcoin: Worldcoin’s UBI distribution model aims to minimize its carbon footprint by eliminating the need for energy-intensive mining operations. This could make it a more environmentally friendly crypto compared to Bitcoin.

Biometric Scanning:

  • Bitcoin: Bitcoin transactions do not require users to undergo biometric scans or any form of identity verification. It is designed to be pseudonymous, with transactions recorded on the blockchain without revealing users’ personal information.
  • Worldcoin: Worldcoin requires users to undergo regular biometric scans, such as eye scans, to confirm their identity. This feature aims to prevent fraudulent claims of the UBI and ensure that the crypto reaches the intended recipients.

Privacy and Anonymity:

  • Bitcoin: Bitcoin transactions provide a degree of privacy, as they are pseudonymous. However, users can take additional steps to enhance their anonymity, such as using privacy-focused wallets.
  • Worldcoin: Worldcoin’s biometric verification could raise concerns about user privacy and data security. While it aims to prevent fraud, it may also raise questions about the extent to which user data is collected and stored.

Adoption and Popularity:

  • Bitcoin: Bitcoin has a long history and a massive user base. It is widely accepted as a store of value and a means of exchange, with numerous businesses and individuals using it for various purposes.
  • Worldcoin: Worldcoin is a newcomer in the crypto space. Its success will depend on gaining user trust, achieving widespread adoption, and competing with established cryptos like Bitcoin.


Bitcoin and Worldcoin represent two different approaches to crypto, with distinct distribution methods, environmental impacts, and levels of user privacy. While Bitcoin remains the ruling player in the market, Worldcoin’s innovative UBI distribution model and biometric scanning features could make it a contender in the evolving world of digital currencies. However, the success of Worldcoin will ultimately depend on its ability to address privacy concerns, gain acceptance, and prove its sustainability over time.

Disclaimer: Cryptocurrency is not a legal tender and is currently unregulated. Kindly ensure that you undertake sufficient risk assessment when trading cryptocurrencies as they are often subject to high price volatility. The information provided in this section doesn't represent any investment advice or WazirX's official position. WazirX reserves the right in its sole discretion to amend or change this blog post at any time and for any reasons without prior notice.
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