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The Indian crypto community has grown exponentially ever since the Supreme Court lifted the banking ban on digital currencies and the ongoing Bitcoin bull run. The gap between 1 BTC to INR continues to increase in value.
In the process of educating ourselves about Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, we have all asked how the Indian rupee (a fiat currency) is different from Bitcoins. To understand this, one needs to understand what Bitcoin is and what it brings to the table.
What is Bitcoin?
A Bitcoin is a digital currency that is not issued by any government organization or a private institution. It is backed by powerful technology known as the “blockchain,” which makes the process trustless and prevents a single party from taking control over the process. Relative to fiat, Bitcoins provide a more secure, privacy-oriented, and cheaper way of transaction.
The markets decide the value of the Indian rupee, Bitcoin, or any other asset. The constant rise of Bitcoin price in India over the years shows strong adoption trends of Bitcoins and other cryptocurrencies.
INR vs. BTC – a comparison
INR vs. BTC: Governance
The biggest difference between the Indian rupee and Bitcoin is their governance. INR is issued by the Reserved Bank of India (RBI), India’s central bank and regulatory body. Like other fiat currencies, INR is centralized, and the supply could be changed according to the market demands.
On the other hand, Bitcoin is governed by the community, i.e., every decision regarding the blockchain and network will be taken by the miners. The voting process in the community follows the rule of 1 GPU: 1 vote. The supply of Bitcoin is predetermined by the algorithm, and so is the number of coins.
INR vs. BTC: usability
Billions of Indians use the Indian rupee for multiple decades; like other fiat currencies, INR is mostly used in cash for day-to-day monetary needs. People can also transfer money from bank account to bank account via IMPS, NEFT, UPI, or by debit or credit cards. The cross-border transaction, where INR is converted to any other fiat, can be proved to be very costly and hence not a good option.
Bitcoin, on the other hand, is a cheaper and dependable alternative for cross-border transactions. But the algorithm of Bitcoins restricts it for commercial purposes only; the transaction speed of Bitcoins is way lower than fiat. For instance, a MasterCard can carry out thousands of transactions per second, but Bitcoin can only carry out seven transactions per second, and if the network is busy, the price could shoot up. This leaves Bitcoin room to improve usability in day-to-day life.
INR vs. BTC: How are new currencies made?
In the case of INR, as mentioned above, RBI mints new currencies. The supply is variable according to the economic conditions of India.
Bitcoin’s transactions are supported by the community, the validators of Bitcoin transactions are known as miners, and they have to solve complex mathematical problems with the help of the computation power of their hardware. In return for their computation efforts, the algorithm rewards the miners with new Bitcoins, thus adding new Bitcoins to the supply. To further increase the demand, the supply of Bitcoin is fixed to 21 million. This process determines the Bitcoin price in INR, or any other currency for that matter.
INR vs. BTC: volatility
Since the whole country uses INR, it is important that it not be volatile. Due to this stable nature, you will find pairs like BTC to INR on Indian crypto exchanges. Traders can still trade INR on forex markets but less profitable than Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.
Bitcoin is volatile in nature, so volatile that it sometimes makes moves worth lakhs of rupees in a matter of hours. But this volatile nature of Bitcoin helped it increase its value from less than INR 50 to more than INR 40 Lakhs.
INR vs. BTC: currency model
The value of INR depends on inflation, forex demand, economic conditions, and many other factors. Even though the RBI can’t directly influence INR’s forex value, it can alter the supply by minting more or less amount, potentially influencing the buying and selling power.
Bitcoin comes into the category of the deflationary model of cryptocurrencies; this is because the mining reward is halved after every 210,000 blocks are mining. Also, the supply of Bitcoins has an upper market cap of 21 million. Due to these demand and supply rules, the price of BTC to INR is always on the rise.
INR vs. BTC: investment
INR and other fiats are generally safer than cryptocurrencies and require skills for good returns. Forex markets are generally not volatile and are made for scalping. They are certainly not profitable as the BTC markets.
Even though cryptocurrencies are volatile, they can bring you significant returns if you play your cards right. The above chart shows the exponential growth of BTC over the years in the monthly time frame.
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Bitcoin is a digital currency that was initially released in January 2009. It is based on ideas offered by Satoshi Nakamoto, a mysterious and pseudonymous figure, in a whitepaper. The name of the person or individuals who invented technology has not been revealed. Bitcoin promises lower transaction fees than other online payment systems, and unlike government-issued currencies, it is decentralized.
In 2020, the Supreme Court of India lifted the RBI’s restrictions on cryptocurrencies. According to the Supreme Court, the existence of Bitcoin or another cryptocurrency is unregulated but not unlawful. The verdict has greatly aided the world of digital money in the country. To put it another way, investing in Bitcoin is perfectly legal, and you may do so through various apps and traders.
The source code of Bitcoin stipulates that it must have a restricted and finite quantity. As a result, only 21 million Bitcoins will ever be generated. These Bitcoins are added to the Bitcoin supply at a predetermined rate of one block every ten minutes on average. The supply of Bitcoins will be depleted once miners have unlocked this number of Bitcoins. It's possible, however, that the protocol for Bitcoin will be altered to allow for a higher supply.
Bitcoin mining isn't free, but it can be tried on a budget. Bitcoin mining is an essential part of the blockchain ledger's upkeep and development and the act of issuing new Bitcoins. It is accomplished by the use of cutting-edge computers that tackle complicated computational arithmetic problems. The effort of auditor miners is rewarded. They're in charge of ensuring that Bitcoin transactions go off without a fuss and that they're legal.
Crypto exchanges, Bitcoin ATMs, Bitcoin Debit Cards, and Peer Peer Transactions are all options for converting Bitcoin to cash. This can be accomplished by using Bitcoin exchanges such as WazirX. A Bitcoin ATM is a real place where you may purchase and sell Bitcoins with cash, unlike standard ATMs that allow you to withdraw money from your bank account. Many websites provide the option of purchasing Bitcoin in return for a prepaid debit card that works similarly to a standard debit card. Through a peer-to-peer marketplace, you may sell Bitcoin for cash faster and more privately.
Bitcoin is a type of cryptocurrency that was first introduced in January 2009. It is invented based on the key concepts and notions presented in a whitepaper by Satoshi Nakamoto, a mysterious and pseudonymous figure. The name of the individual or people who invented technology is yet unknown. Bitcoin promises reduced transaction fees than existing online payment methods, and a decentralized authority controls it, unlike government-issued currencies.
Some investors are afraid of the risks or devastation, but others are very eager to pursue the possibility of profit from a Bitcoin investment. A Bitcoin investment is similar to stock investing, except it can be more volatile.
Bitcoin may be invested in two ways: through mining or exchanges. Bitcoin mining is carried out by high-powered computers that solve challenging computational arithmetic problems that are too difficult to complete by hand and complex enough to tax even the most powerful computers. WazirX, a Bitcoin exchange, is another alternative.
Two Yale University economists (Yukun Liu and Aleh Tsyvinski) produced research titled "Risks and Returns of Cryptocurrency" in 2018. They looked at the possibility of Bitcoin crashing to zero in a single day. The authors discovered that the chances of an undefined tragedy crashing Bitcoin to zero ranged from 0 percent to 1.3 percent and was around 0.4 percent at the time of publishing, using Bitcoin's history returns to determine its risk-neutral disaster probability. Others claim that because Bitcoin has no intrinsic value, it will inevitably crash to zero. On the other hand, Bitcoin advocates argue that the currency is backed by customer confidence and mathematics.